Wage growth for agricultural and non-agricultural workers remains moderate in 2022-2023, averaging 5.8% and 4.9%.
Rural agricultural workers in Madhya Pradesh (MP), who contest Friday’s assembly elections, receive the lowest daily wages in the country, well below the national average.
According to data compiled by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in MP, male agricultural workers in rural areas receive a daily wage of just Rs 229.20 while in Gujarat, which claims to be model state, this salary is equivalent to Rs 241.9 in India. year ending March 2023. The national average for the year was Rs.
If a rural agricultural laborer works 25 days a month in MP, his monthly income will be around Rs 5,730 per month, which may not be enough to cover household expenses for a family of four or five. People.
However, a rural agricultural laborer in Kerala, which pays the highest salary of Rs 764.30 per person among the states, receives an average of Rs 19,107 for 25 days of work per month. In the case of Gujarat, the monthly salary of an agricultural laborer would be around Rs 6,047. According to calculations by rating agency Crisil, the price of a vegetarian thali was Rs 27.9 and the price of a non-vegetarian thali was Rs 61.4 in September this year. This means a family of five will have to pay Rs 140 for a vegetarian thali meal, or Rs 8,400 per month.
While FY 2021-22 was not good for the rural economy, as the Covid pandemic hit employment and income levels, inflation and high interest rates took a toll on FY 2022-23, affecting affect rural demand.
Among other low-paid states, in Uttar Pradesh, rural agriculture workers received an average daily wage of Rs 309.3 and Rs 285.1 in Odisha in 2021-22. Farm workers in Maharashtra, which boasts of being the most industrialized state, are paid Rs 303.50 per day. High wages in Kerala have attracted low-paid agricultural labor from other states, with around 25 lakh migrant workers believed to be living in the state.
In Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), agricultural workers receive an average salary of Rs 550.40, in Himachal Pradesh it is Rs 473.30 and in Tamil Nadu it is Rs 470 per person.
According to RBI data, in the case of male non-agricultural workers, the lowest wages were in MP with an average wage of Rs 246.3, while workers in Gujarat received a daily wage of Rs 273.1 Rs and Tripura Rs 280.6 – all below the national average of Rs 348. On the other hand, Kerala tops in daily wages of non-agricultural workers at Rs 696.60 per person. Kerala is followed by J&K with Rs 517.9, Tamil Nadu with Rs 481.5 and Haryana with Rs 451 for the year ending March 2023. Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are again below the national average of Rs 393.3 for male rural construction workers. Rural construction workers in Gujarat received an average salary of Rs 323.2 MP, Rs 278.7 MP and Rs 286.1 Tripura per day in the financial year ending March 2023.
However, the daily wage of rural construction workers is Rs 852.5 in Kerala, Rs 534.5 in J&K, Rs 500.9 in Tamil Nadu and Rs 498.3 in Himachal Pradesh, according to RBI data .
According to a Crisil study, rural income prospects remain dependent on climate hazards.
“Therefore, the increasing frequency of extreme weather events remains an important factor to monitor. While the decline in job demand in MGNREGA is an encouraging sign for the rural economy from an employment perspective, the decline in wages is a concern for rural demand, he said. Rural employment depends on agriculture, which in turn is affected by the monsoon and rabi and kharif production. Real rural wage growth virtually stagnates in 2022-2023 despite a slight recovery in economic activity. Although job demand under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) declined year-on-year, it remained above pre-pandemic levels in 2022-23, suggesting that recovery, especially in the unorganized sector of the economy, which is yet to be completed, according to the RBI’s annual report for 2022-23.
Wage growth for agricultural and non-agricultural workers remains moderate in 2022-2023, averaging 5.8% and 4.9%, respectively. However, the rate of wage growth for agricultural and non-agricultural workers is still increasing, reaching yearly highs of 7.7% in January 2023 and 5.6% in November 2022, respectively. before a slight decline in March 2023, RBI. the report said.
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