NITI Aayog consolidates ten sector-wise thematic visions into a single document “Viksit Bharat @ 2047”; Some states developed parallel visions
NITI Aayog CEO BVR Subrahmanyam said on Sunday that the vision document aimed at making India a developed nation is in the final stages and the draft is expected to be ready by December, he added. that this document will be made public after three months. Ten Sectoral Groups of Secretaries (SGoS) from various ministries established around themes such as infrastructure, social protection, trade and industry, technology and governance, each prepared a vision document throughout the nearly two-year process.
NITI Aayog, which was tasked with consolidating ten sector-wise thematic visions in July this year, has also predicted that the Indian economy will be worth $30 trillion by 2047, with a per capita GDP of 17,590 USD.
While Subrahmanyam did not reveal the contents of the draft vision document being put together by NITI Aayog, he added that the document points out the sectors and technologies in which India is expected to lead by 2047. and address the institutional and structural reforms needed to achieve this. He also said that the outcome document ‘Viksit Bharat @ 2047’ will be important in helping India avoid the middle-income trap, which remains a major concern in policy circles.
Subrahmanyam shared that the 10 SGoS started preparing their respective vision documents in December 2021 based on the policy briefs and general economic parameters and forecasts released by the Ministry of Finance . Ten SGoS, based on the themes of rural and agricultural, infrastructure, resources, social vision, welfare, finance and economics, trade and industry, technology, governance, as well as such as security and foreign affairs, has also conducted extensive consultations with many different think tanks and researchers.
Organisations, chambers of industry and export promotion councils. For example, the SGoG on Trade and Industry consulted more than 20,000 people.
The apex political think tank has also announced plans to consult thought leaders like Mukesh Ambani, Gautam Adani, Nandan Nilekani, N Chandrasekaran, among others, in the last week end of November. Ten SGoS have also created their vision documents keeping in mind the eight megatrends expected to shape the world by 2050, among them the changing demographics of India and Africa, higher income polarization, the rise of climate disasters, and various disruptive trends related to technological advances and geopolitical risks.
NITI Aayog is also helping Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh prepare documents on vision while other states like Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Uttarakhand are preparing documents independently. When asked how NITI Aayog plans to align the state vision documents with the national vision document, Subrahmanyam said: “This is one of the questions we are addressing. I think NITI will have to hold hands. The good thing is that most states only prepare vision documents for the next five years while we do it much longer. We will play a role from now on because this is a serious exercise.
Preliminary forecast results from NITI Aayog also predict that India’s exports will reach a value of 8.67 trillion USD in 2047, while the country’s imports will reach a value of 12.12 trillion USD. The apex institute of policy research also predicts that India’s life expectancy will increase to 71.8 from 67.2 in 2021 and the literacy rate will increase to 89.8% from 77.8% in 2021 .
“2047 will be a very different India. It will have a high degree of urbanization. Where we live, how we get around, the type of work we do, what we eat – everything will change dramatically between now and then. The way the government is structured also needs to change,” Subrahmanyam said. He added that the government needs a radical restructuring, both horizontally and vertically, so that lower levels of government are fully responsible for implementation so that senior officials can spend more time on build ideas.
Last week, it was announced that consulting firm BCG has also been hired by the government to help prepare the ‘Viksit Bharat @ 2047’ document, which was first projected by Prime Minister Modi in December 2021.
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